If I forget thee, O Jerusalem, let my right hand wither, let my tongue cleave to my palate if I do not remember you, if I do not set Jerusalem above my highest joy (Psa. 137:5-7).
The Eternal City of God Given to the Jewish People
Martin Gilbert, the famed Churchill biographer and Jewish historian, once wrote that Jerusalem is not a “mere” city. He stated, “It holds the central spiritual and physical place in the history of the Jews as a people.” Jerusalem and the Jewish people are eternally intertwined. Even in the diaspora, Jews have always called Jerusalem their home and have yearned for the return to their ancestral city in their ancestral homeland.
King David pronounced it as the capital of Israel in 1004 BCE. And as Eli E. Hertz observes,“For over 3,000 years Jews looked to Jerusalem as their spiritual, political, and historical capital, even when they did not physically rule over the city.”